Yesterday Vitalik Buterin published on plausible Ethereum 2.0 roadmap, called “End of Game“.

The Ethereum 2.0 roadmap

In reality it is not a real roadmap, because there are no dates, but a list of things to do.

This list consists of a second level of staking to perform a distributed block validation, the introduction of ZK-SNARK to allow users to directly verify block validity, sample data availability to allow users to verify block availability, and finally secondary transaction channels to avoid censorship.

The aim is that dI’m building a scalable blockchain ecosystem and securing in the long term, but without ending up centralizing the production of blocks.

According to Buterin, Ethereum is very well placed to adapt to this type of evolution, as it is a project open to all possible future scenarios.

He also believes the future of blockchain is to offer trustless and censorship-resistant services, things oddly in sync with what’s happening with the development of Bitcoin thanks to the Lightning Network.

Ethereum 2.0 roadmap released

The risks of ETH 2.0

The problem is that in order to achieve these goals, there is really a risk that block production ends up being such a specialized activity risk becoming de facto centralized.

This is a crucial point in the competition between the different blockchains, because often the most efficient are more centralized, while the most decentralized are less efficient. For this reason, in some cases it has been preferred to opt for off-chain solutions, such as LN, capable of reducing the conflict between prestige and decentralization.

However, Buterin maintains that even second-level solutions can risk generating centralization.

He writes:

“No stack can hold most of Ethereum’s business.”

The uncertain future

The situation is therefore still in the making and the future uncertain. Buterin anticipates potential issues that may exist in the future to give developers as much time as possible to find solutions. It also indicates a path that preserves decentralization as much as possible, without which blockchain would not have much sense.

In such a scenario anyway Ethereum appears to be clearly favored against the vast majority alternative blockchains, first of all Binance Smart Channel. Only a small handful of blockchains can be considered resolutely decentralized and with little risk of centralization going forward.

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