The protracted COVID-19 pandemic has once again forced the people of Indonesia to virtually commemorate Pancasila Day.
Dressed in traditional South Kalimantan attire, President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) led the commemoration ceremony, which was held in a “hybrid” manner, from the Presidential Palace in Bogor, while senior officials gathered in the courtyard of the Pancasila building inside the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. composed in Jakarta, or joined in the celebrations from their offices.
Among those who attended the ceremony were President of the People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR), Bambang Soesatyo, who read the text of the Pancasila, and House of Representatives (DPR) head, Puan Maharani, who read the text of the Pancasila. read the preamble to the 1945 Constitution (UUD1945).
The Indonesian people commemorate the birth of the Pancasila ideology since 2017, following the signing of Presidential Decree no. 24 of 2016 by the president, who also declared June 1 a national holiday.
The Pancasila (Five Principles), which reflect the philosophy of the Indonesian state, were first formulated on June 1, 1945, in a speech by Sukarno to the Indonesian Independence Preparatory Committee, sponsored by the Japanese colonizers.
Sukarno had argued that the future Indonesian state should be founded on five principles: Indonesian nationalism; internationalism or humanism; consent or democracy; social prosperity; and, belief in one God. Indonesia proclaimed its independence on August 17, 1945 and Sukarno became its first president.
As a result of consensus among the founding fathers of Indonesia, Pancasila, in slightly modified order and amended wording, was enshrined in the 1945 Constitution, adopted August 18, 1945. Doctrine now envisioned belief in one God, a just and civilized humanity, Indonesian unity, democracy under the wise leadership of representative consultations and social justice for all Indonesian people.
Speaking at this year’s commemoration, Widodo highlighted the increasingly formidable challenges for maintaining Pancasila’s values in the community amid rapid technological development and global interaction.
The rapid interaction among members of the world community in an era of globalization has not spontaneously promoted common views and strengthened unity, he noted. Instead, it has given rise to several challenges, for which the nation must remain vigilant, he added.
“What forces us to remain vigilant are growing rivalries and competition, including those linked to talks, inter-values and inter-ideologies,” he said.
The development of science and technology has also impacted the technological constellation, he said.
The Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) made it easier for the international community to dialogue, interact and engage in organizations, he said. With 5G connectivity reaching a global scale, international interactions are becoming easier and faster, he said.
“Radical international ideologies have capitalized on the facilities to penetrate all walks of life, all classes and all age groups in Indonesia, regardless of place and time,” the president said.
Therefore, there is a need to spread knowledge of Pancasila values through extraordinary means, he added.
“Our compatriots and compatriots, to face all this, to broaden and deepen the knowledge of the values of Pancasila, we cannot use ordinary means but extraordinary means”, he pointed out.
Meanwhile, commemorating the birth of Pancasila, State Enterprise Minister Erick Thohir reiterated that Pancasila has been a unifying factor for the nation.
“Pancasila in action, united for a strong Indonesia. Commemoration of Pancasila Day ”, he wrote on his official Instagram @erickthohir account June 1, 2021.
Pancasila Day, which is commemorated as the founding of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI), has historical value, he said. The five principles of Pancasila have philosophical significance as a reflection of the nation’s views on life, he added.
Previously, Industry Minister Agus Gumiwang Kartasasmita said Pancasila Day should serve as a reminder to industrial players to advance Indonesia by developing human resources and increasing the added value of natural products.
“To me, Pancasila is so much Indonesia. Therefore, in the context of Pancasila Day, industrial actors must interpret it as the orientation to advance Indonesia by developing human resources and increasing the added value of natural products with the aim of strengthening our industrial structures ” , said the minister.
In the meantime, Haedar Nasir, chairman of Muhammadiyah, the country’s second largest Muslim organization, has warned that Pancasila as a state ideology should not be politicized out of self-interest.
“Avoid politicizing Pancasila for special interests,” he said in a written statement released in Yogyakarta on June 1, 2021.
If history is any indication, any reduction, deviation or politicization of Pancasila will lead to distrust of the doctrine itself, he explained.
State policies related to Pancasila require sincerity, honesty, a statesman’s spirit, broad insight and a spirit of unity, he said.
“Do not bring Pancasila into something narrow and do not take Pancasila beyond itself, that is, Pancasila as the foundation and ideology of the state. Place Pancasila proportionately as the foundation and ideology of the state. the state, “Nasir advised.
Most importantly, Pancasila Day should not become a mere ritual or a simple ceremony, and doctrine should not be allowed to become mere jargon or rhetoric, he stressed.
“It is not enough to memorize Pancasila, or just to make it into doctrine and thoughts. We must practice Pancasila. We – the citizens of the nation, the elites of the nation, whatever our position, must be role models. in the implementation of Pancasila. ”he remarked.
Pancasila has been a unifying factor for the nation since the country’s independence almost 76 years ago.
However, since the 2014 presidential election, Indonesia has experienced increasing political polarization, and in such a climate, it is crucial to remind people to stop politicizing Pancasila..