After his visit to Cuba, Vietnamese President Nguyen Xuan Phuc traveled to New York to attend 76e meeting of the United Nations General Assembly (United Nations) and participated in deliberations relating to important aspects of the world order and international development. He also attended Joe Biden’s COVID-19 summit. The Vietnamese President, in his remarks at the COVID-19 World Summit in New York, said Vietnam is also concerned about ending the Corona virus pandemic and helping countries return to the levels of economic growth before. COVID. While supporting President Joe Biden’s initiatives related to supporting the international community in terms of medicines, vaccines and diagnostic equipment, he recognized that the well-being of humanity and people in various parts of the world is essential right now. He said that with the emergence of new variants of COVID-19 every day, it is relevant to note that there is a need to put in place accelerated early detection techniques, to track contacts and to develop mechanisms for quarantine foolproof. He added that in many developing countries there is a need for better testing facilities, oxygenators, oxygen equipment, rescue kits such as ventilators and, at the same time, to undertake vaccination on a war footing.
He explained that effective global cooperation was needed, promoting resilient health systems, maintaining supply chains for drugs and medical equipment, especially in countries of the South. He appreciated the fact that a global health security fund had been established, which would help underdeveloped and developing countries to procure many of this essential equipment. He said there is a need for effective vaccinations and to take preventative measures to contain the pandemic. Only then, he estimated, will there be an economic recovery in many economies around the world.
Expressing his concerns about maintaining vaccine supplies, he confessed that Vietnam would be keen to join the global COVAX program and play its role in supporting developing countries. He appreciated that many countries have come forward to donate vaccines to Vietnam as the country suffers from the resurgence of the COVID-19 virus and the increase in deaths due to new variants of this virus. He said it is necessary to vaccinate at least two-thirds of the world’s population at the next session of the United Nations General Assembly next year. Vietnam also donated US $ 500,000 for the global COVAX program and assured that Vietnam will also contribute to this effort in the future. He alluded to the fact that Vietnam promoted the ASEAN Region Response Fund in 2020 and many ASEAN countries have used US $ 20.5 million from this fund. He exuded confidence that in this endeavor against the Corona virus, the global community will come together to protect humanity at large.
During his visit to the United States. the Vietnamese president also met with CEOs (Chief Executive Officers) of large companies such as the US group Quantum and even oversaw an agreement between the company and the Vietnamese group consisting of Kinhbac City Development Holding Corp (KBC) and the company Saigon Telecom Technology Joint Stock. The CEO of US group Quantum said that in Vietnam the company would be ready to invest $ 20 billion to $ 30 billion in the future. The major investment will be in biotechnology research, vaccine production, health care and the establishment of a vaccine production center in Vietnam itself.
During the visit of the Vietnamese president, Vietnam and the United States signed a memorandum of understanding between the agricultural departments of the two countries. During the meeting relating to the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Vietnam and the US Grains Council, it was indicated that Vietnam could become a potential destination. for fuel ethanol and that this MoU would help Vietnam promote the use of technology and science to promote green, sustainable and low-emission agriculture. The United States Green Council is also reportedly providing COVID-19 test kits and COVID-19 treatment drugs for Vietnamese cattle.
During the visit to the United States, the Vietnamese president also met with the Vietnamese diaspora in New York to connect and exchange views. He appreciated the role the Vietnamese community has played in raising the issue of exporting vaccines to Vietnam and raising funds for the Vietnamese fund for COVID-19 vaccines. The president appreciated the role played by the Vietnamese overseas community and said that it is part of the extended family of the Vietnamese nation. He said that the young Vietnamese will contribute to the development of the motherland with their knowledge and enthusiasm.
In his statement to the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly, he acknowledged that with the re-election of Antonio Guterres as Secretary-General of the United Nations, the organization will achieve the goals and priorities for the future. He added that to protect citizens and support economic growth as well as guarantee social security, a global enterprise and an effective approach are needed. He said non-traditional security challenges pose a threat to humanity and that issues such as disease and climate change can change the future. He expressed concern that the system of global governance and the inequalities between nations have exposed the gaps and challenges of the global community. He alluded to the fact that tensions between the great powers, the unstable international system and wars had been a major concern in the recent past. Without referring to China, he said disregard for international law and unilateral acts of aggression have compromised the exercise of maritime legal rights for many riparian nations.
He said there was a need to take effective countermeasures to contain the coronavirus pandemic and that there was a need to strengthen global support for the COVAX facility. This is necessary for a fair and equitable distribution of vaccines and drugs in the South. He further added that countries with low vaccination rates should be targeted and the necessary structural support should be provided. He indicated that due to this pandemic, it is necessary to adapt to this scourge and that the time has come for the digital transformation and the promotion of the autonomy of the economies.
He stressed the fact that their need to pursue green technologies, promote sustainable development and undertake functional changes to promote trade and investment. He mentioned that the shift in global supply must be sustained and, as part of the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, provides the edifice to undertake cooperative development, ease debt payments and accelerate recovery after Corona. He also feared that climate change could contribute to more difficult weather conditions, pollution and gradual rise in sea level. He added that to achieve the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions , financial support, capacity building and technology transfer to developing countries are needed.
He firmly stated that global peace, security and stability are essential to foster global economic recovery and facilitate humanitarian assistance. It reinforced Vietnam’s attachment to the United Nations Charter and respect for international law. He withdrew Vietnam’s solidarity with Cuba and called on the international community to end unilateral embargoes against Cuba. He said the need for justice for women and children in Afghanistan and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state alongside the State of Israel are essential.
He underscored Vietnam’s support for multilateralism and called for a more democratic and efficient UN. He said that in the 35 years of Vietnam’s economic reform program (Doi Me) there have been multiple changes in the country which have helped the country to integrate into the international community for its progress and equality. He added that Vietnam was collaborating within ASEAN for peace and prosperity in Southeast Asia and throughout Asia-Pacific. He clearly recognized the need to strengthen maritime security, freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea. While highlighting the role that Vietnam has placed as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for the period 2020-2021, he said Vietnam upholds the principle of partnership for lasting peace. He said Vietnam has undertaken UN peacekeeping missions in the Central African Republic and South Sudan, and that Vietnam aspires to a seat on the UN Human Rights Council for the period 2023-2025.
During his stay in New York, President Phuc met with the President of the World Bank David Malpass as well as the leaders of many countries such as the President of the Republic of Korea, the Danish Prime Minister and the President of Slovenia. In addition to high-level business leaders, he also met with John Kerry, the President’s special envoy for the climate. He said there should be more emphasis on developing renewable energy, better management of transnational water resources and taking effective measures for climate change mitigation.
Although the visit of the Vietnamese president was short but very effective, it involved a wide variety of leaders and entrepreneurs. The Vietnamese President has been very courteous in engaging senior leaders from Costa Rica, Colombia, Uruguay, Thailand, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Latvia, Sweden and many more.