Mark the year 2059 on your calendar, this is when the data shows that women finally achieve equal pay to their male counterparts. It is hard to believe that it will take almost a century to close the gender pay gap after the adoption of the Equal Pay Act in 1963. In 1960, women only earned about 61 cents for every $ 1 that a man brought home, a number that ticked to 82 cents by 2018– but that still leaves 18 cents to go overall. The pay gap is worse for women of color: Among women working full-time in the United States, black women are paid 62 cents, Native American women 57 cents, and Latinas 54 cents for every dollar paid to white men, according to the National Partnership for Women & Families.

Researchers blame the gender pay gap for a variety of reasons, ranging from differences in the industries in which women and men work, racist and discriminatory hiring and promotion practices, differences in hours worked, occupational segregation and years of experience. The government is also doing little to create policies that make workplaces and institutions like schools more female-friendly. Systemic discrimination against working women in the United States has severely disadvantaged them since before the founding of the country. The colonies enacted laws that prevented women workers from keep control over their income as early as 1769. A lack of suffrage prevented women from voting for politicians who could propose more equitable policies until 1920. Wage codes of the National Recovery Administration, established in 1933, set lower minimum wages for women than they did. were doing the same job. To top it off, women continue to experience sexual harassment and assault in the workplace and take on the ‘second shift’ of being both workers and mothers, as they have done throughout the year. American history.

Despite these struggles, women have managed to achieve great success in their careers, becoming CEOs of the Fortune 500 and going into space. Stacker reviewed research from news organizations (Time, The New York Times, US News & World Report, Entrepreneur), think tanks (McKinsey, the Brookings Institution), government agencies (US Census Bureau, Department of Labor, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission). , National Park Service) and organizations that focus on women’s rights (Time’s Up, Planned Parenthood) to learn more about the history of women in the workplace. The resulting timeline shows both the challenges and triumphs of women climbing the corporate ladder and fighting for fairness along the way.

Click to learn more about American women in the workplace from 1765 to today.

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